Aviation materials and tecnologes №2, 2018

DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-3-8

UDC: 669.018.44

Pages: 3-8

N.N. Trofimenko1, I.Yu. Efimochkin1, A.N. Bolshakova1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The analysis of works on high-entropy alloys shows that research in this field of knowledge is of wide interest and is a promising direction for materials science of the future. In contrast to conventional alloys, the high-entropy alloy consists of five or more elements taken in equiatomic or equimolar concentrations. Such an arrangement makes it possible to obtain alloys with a high entropy of mixing, which reduces the formation of intermetallic phases, and which promotes the formation of a stable single-phase substitution solution with a BCC or FCC arrangments. The preparation of compositions of alloys with high entropy of mixing occurs by the method of vacuum-arc melting and mechanical alloying. The methods of powder metallurgy are practically significant to create high-temperature alloys from refractory elements. There is a huge number of possible combinations of high-entropy alloys. Therefore, it is of great importance to develop strategies for obtaining suitable compositions that meet the requirements of both academic research and industrial applications. The article underlines four effects that arise as a result of structural features in a given type of alloys. Basic investigations of the properties of high-temperature high-entropy alloys are presented.

Keywords: high-entropy alloys, heat-resistant alloys, BCC or FCC arrangment, single-phase solid solution, nanocrystallite structure, phase composition, mechanical alloying.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-9-16

UDC: 669.715:620.17

Pages: 9-16

A.M. Sergeeva1, N.S. Lovizin1, A.A. Sosnin1

[1] Federal State budget institution of Sciences Institute of machinery and metallurgy of Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,


The results of studies of changes in the mechanical properties of alloy D1 during its processing by the combined technology of continuous casting with synchronous deformation of metal in solid-liquid state are presented. These studies have shown that this technology allows obtaining flat billets of rectangular cross-section for a short production cycle with a speed of 2 m/min. The processing of alloy D1 leads to increase temporary resistance of disruption by 24,5%, yield point - by 43,5%, relative elongation - of 2,5 times, Brinell hardness - by 29% in comparison with the alloy in the initial state. The perspective of this technology is shown.

Keywords: aluminum alloys, continuous casting, deformation in the solid-liquid state, combined processes, crystallization.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-17-25

UDC: 669.017.165:669.295

Pages: 17-25

D.A. Dzunovich1, E.B. Alekseev1, P.V. Panin1, E.A. Lukina2, A.V. Novak1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,
[2] Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University),


Phase composition and structure of sheet semi-finished products from heat-resistant wrought Ti3Al based alloys of α2, super- α2, and ortho types obtained by various technologies have been studied. A comparative analysis of mechanical properties of the mentioned types of alloys has been also accomplished. It has been shown that hydrogen technology for 7115 alloy resulted in 150-200°С reduction of hot deformation temperature interval in comparison to super-α2 alloys, as well as 40-50% reduction of specific compression forces upon upsetting at 900-1000°С - this gave the opportunity to produce sheet semi-finished products which specific strength at room temperature exceeds VTI-1 and VTI-4 alloys. It has been determined that VTI-4 sheets possess the highest stress-rupture properties at 700°С as well as higher strength at room and elevated temperatures. The prospects of industrial manufacturing of different semi-finished items (including sheets) from the alloys in focus have been analyzed. The analysis has shown that VTI-4 alloy proves to be the most ready for commercial production.

Keywords: titanium aluminide, α2(Ti3Al)-phase, ortho(Ti2AlNb)-phase, hydrogen technology, sheet semi-finished product, phase composition, structure, mechanical properties.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-26-32

UDC: 669.017:006.055

Pages: 26-32

A.I. Plokhikh1, M.D. Safonov1, A.G. Kolesnikov1, S.D. Karpukhin1

[1] Bauman Moscow State Technical University (National Research University of Technology,


The paper presents the findings of research of multilayer steel materials that feature abnormal low values of thermal linear expansion coefficient (TLEC) in the direction normal to the rolling plane. The hypothesis of the critical role of reactive stresses in the appearance of the Invar effect is supported by the results of metallographic examination. Cyclic high-temperature heating is shown to induce recrystallization at interlaminar borders, caused by the difference between TLEC values of adjacent layers and the high heating temperature.

Keywords: hot pack rolling, multilayer metal material, rolling direction, dilatometric analysis, coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE), recrystallization.

Reference List

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9. Tabatchikova T.I., Plokhikh A.I., YAkovlev I.L., Klyueva S.Yu. Struktura i svojstva mnogoslojnogo materiala na osnove stalej, poluchennogo metodom goryachej paketnoj prokatki [Structure and properties of multi-layer material on the basis of staly, received by hot pack rolling method] // Fizika metallov i metallovedenie. 2013. T. 114. №7. S. 633–646.
10. Tabatchikova T.I., YAkovleva I.L., Plokhikh A.I., Delgado Rejna S.Yu. Issledovanie mnogoslojnogo materiala na osnove nerzhaveyushchikh stalej, poluchennogo metodom goryachej paketnoj prokatki [Research of multi-layer material on the basis of the stainless steels, received by hot pack rolling method] // Fizika metallov i metallovedenie. 2014. T. 115. №4. S. 431–442.
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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-33-39

UDC: 669.295

Pages: 33-39

D.A. Aleksandrov1, S.A. Muboyadzhyan1, A.N. Lutsenko1, P.L. Zhuravleva1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The problems of hard surfacing a titanium alloy by ion implantation method with nitrogen and ionic saturation (ionic modification) of a surface in an aluminum alloy plasma are considered in the article. The microhardness of the hardened surface, erosion and abrasion resistance, the phase composition have been studied and metallographic studies have been carried out. It is shown that the use of this type of complex ion treatment increases the resistance of the surface of the titanium alloy to erosive and abrasive wear. The results of the research can be used to harden the input edge of titanium blades of the GTE compressor.

Keywords: gas turbine compressor blades, ion implantation, ion modifying, erosion resistance, erosion-resistant coatings, ion-plasma coatings.

Reference List

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5. Kablov E.N., Ospennikova O.G., Bazyleva O.A. Materialy dlya vysokonagruzhennyh detalej gazoturbinnyh dvigatelej [Materials for the high-loaded details of gas turbine engines] // Vestnik MGTU im. N.E. Baumana. Ser.: Mashinostroenie. 2011. №SP2. S. 13–19.
6. Muboyadzhyan S.A., Aleksandrov D.A., Konnova V.I. Metodika ispytanij na otnositelnuyu erozionnuyu stojkost tverdyh pokrytij otvetstvennyh detalej kompressora GTD [Technique of tests for relative erosion resistance of hard coatings of responsible details of the GTD compressor] // Vse materialy. Enciklopedicheskij spravochnik. 2014. №4. S. 7–18.
7. Pogrebnyak A.D., Yakushhenko I.V., Sobol O.V. i dr. Vliyanie ostatochnogo davleniya i ionnoj implantacii na strukturu, elementnyj sostav i svojstva nitridov (TiZrAlYNb)N [Influence of residual pressure and ion implantation on structure, element structure and properties of nitrides (TiZrAlYNb)N] // Zhurnal tehnicheskoj fiziki. 2015. T. 85. №8. S. 72–79.
8. Kablov E.N. Materialy novogo pokoleniya – osnova innovacij, tehnologicheskogo liderstva i nacionalnoj bezopasnosti Rossii [Materials of new generation – basis of innovations, technological leadership and national security of Russia] // Intellekt i tehnologii. 2016. №2 (14). S. 16–21.
9. Karpov D.A., Litunovskij V.N. Plazmenno-immersionnaya ionnaya implantaciya (PIII): fizicheskie osnovy, ispolzovanie v tehnologiyah [Plasma and immersion ion implantation (PIII): physical bases, use in technologies]. SPb.: NIIEFA im. D.V. Efremova, 2009. 62 s.
10. Grigorev S.N., Melnik Yu.A., Metel A.S. i dr. Immersionnaya ionnaya implantaciya i azotirovanie v plazme tleyushhego razryada s elektrostaticheskim uderzhaniem elektronov [Immersion ion implantation and nitriding in glow discharge plasma with electrostatic deduction of electrons] // Uprochnyayushhie tehnologii i pokrytiya. 2010. №6. S. 43–48.
11. Kashapov O.S., Pavlova T.V., Kalashnikov V.S., Kondrateva A.R. Issledovanie vliyaniya soderzhaniya legiruyushhih elementov na svojstva vysokoprochnogo zharoprochnogo psevdo-α-splava VT46 [Research of influence of alloying elements content on properties of high strength near alpha heat resistance titanium alloy VT46] // Trudy VIAM: elektron. nauch.-tehnich. zhurn. 2016. №9. St. 06. Available at: (accessed: November 14, 2017). DOI: 10.18577/2307-6046-2016-0-9-6-6.
12. Sutygina A.N., Shulepov I.A. Plazmenno-immersionnaya ionnaya implantaciya alyuminiya v titan VT1-0 [Plasma and immersion ion implantation of aluminum in BT1-0 titanium] // Perspektivy razvitiya fundamentalnyh nauk: sb. nauch. tr. XII Mezhdunar. konf. studentov i molodyh uchenyh. Tomsk: Nac. issled. Tomskij politeh. un-t, 2015. S. 248–250.
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16. Gorlov D.S., Muboyadzhyan S.A., Shhepilov A.A., Aleksandrov D.A. Vliyanie ionnoj implantacii na dempfiruyushhuyu sposobnost kompozicii «splav–ionno-plazmennoe pokrytie» [The influence of ion implantation on the damping ability of the composition «аlloy–ion-plasma coating»] // Trudy VIAM: elektron. nauch.-tehnich. zhurn. 2017. №2. St. 04. Available at: (accessed: November 7, 2017). DOI: 10.18577/2307-6046-2017-0-2-4-4.
17. Gorlov D.S., Shhepilov A.V. Vliyanie sherohovatosti poverhnosti i abrazivnogo iznosa na dempfiruyushhuyu sposobnost kompozicii «splav–pokrytie» [Influence of surface roughness and abrasive wear on the damping capacity of the composition «alloy–coating»] // Trudy VIAM: elektron. nauch.-tehnich. zhurn. 2017. №5. St. 11. Available at: (accessed: November 14, 2017). DOI: 10.18577/2307-6046-2017-0-5-11-11.
18. Gorbovec M.A., Nochovnaya N.A. Vliyanie mikrostruktury i fazovogo sostava zharoprochnyh titanovyh splavov na skorost\' rosta treshhiny ustalosti [Influence of microstructure and phase composition of heat-resisting titanium alloys on the fatigue crack growth rate] // Trudy VIAM: elektron. nauch.-tehnich. zhurn. 2016. №4. St. 03. Available at: (accessed: November 14, 2017). DOI: 10.18577/2307-6046-2016-0-4-3-3.
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20. Sharkeev Yu.P., Ryabchikov A.I., Kozlov E.V. i dr. Vysokointensivnaya ionnaya implantaciya – metod formirovaniya melkodispersnyh intermetallidov v poverhnostnyh sloyah metallov [High-intensity ion implantation – method of forming of finely divided intermetallic compound in surface layers of metals] // Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Fizika. 2004. T. 47. №9. S. 44–52.

DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-40-46

UDC: 539.42:539.43

Pages: 40-46

V.V. Konovalov1, S.V. Dubinskiy1, A.D. Makarov1, A.M. Dotsenko1

[1] Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky»,


The correlation between structural properties of alloys V93, V95 (7075), D16, 1163 (2024), 30HGSA, АК4-Т2 has been studied. The ratio analysis between ultimate stress, endurance limit, yield stress, relative elongation and relative plasticity of materials made in batch production has been determined. It is shown that correlation is very weak excepting three pairs. The obtained results give the possibility for improvement of aviation alloys by simultaneously increasing mechanical properties of materials.

Keywords: metal alloy, ultimate stress, endurance limit, yield stress, correlation, statistical analysis.

Reference List

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-47-58

UDC: 620.1

Pages: 47-58

E.N. Kablov1, V.O. Startsev1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The systematical analysis of changes in mechanical properties of polymer composite materials (РСМ) was performed during full-scale tests based on domestic and foreign sources. The change in the properties of 3258 sets of samples were analyzed after exposure in 7 climatic regions from 0.5 up to 23 years. The quantitative criteria for ranging of climatic zones aggressivity, susceptibility of mechanical characteristics to climatic effect, optimal term of explosure during climatic tests were reviewed. The practical quantitative conclusions were proposed for use in express estimating expected changes in the most widespread mechanical properties of PCM, with respect to material type, mechanical property, duration and climatic conditions of exposure.

Keywords: polymer composite materials, climatic aging, mechanical properties, persistence, statistical analysis.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-59-66

UDC: 66.017

Pages: 59-66

E.I. Oreshko1, V.S. Erasov1, V.D. Krylov1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The advantages of representation of testing processes and their results in 3D coordinate system of axes (stress, strain and time) were demonstrated. For construction of three-dimensional diagrams of deformation of a material the ANSYS Mechanical program, allowing to build practically any exact geometry form, both by means of the convenient graphic interface of the user, and by means of parametrical language APDL is offered. Construction of stress-strain diagram in 3D space on an example of organic glass SО-120 is described.

Keywords: mechanical tests, static tension, time, elastic deformation, plastic deformation, «soft» loading, «hard» loading, rate of straining, 3D coordinate system of axes  «stress, strain, time», organic glass SО-120.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-67-74

UDC: 66.017:620.1

Pages: 67-74

A.V. Grinevich1, A.B. Laptev1, S.Yu. Skripachev1, G.A. Nuzhnyj1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The article considers the systematization of design characteristics, based on the conditions of the existing loads. Limit states are considered for both a solid body and a body with a crack, the limiting state of which is determined by the characteristics of fracture mechanics. Along with the characteristics determined in laboratory standard conditions, it is necessary to estimate the external operating conditions affecting the strength characteristics of the materials. For aviation structures, the determining external factors are temperature and humidity. According to the latest editions of the Norms of airworthiness, these factors should be taken into account when assigning calculated values of strength characteristics of structural materials. The necessity to evaluate the influence of temperature and humidity on the strength design characteristics of materials requires a systematic analysis of the calculated strength characteristics and the subsequent development of methods for their determination. The article raises the question of the statistical estimation of the calculated values of the strength characteristics of the material to substantiate the longevity and reliability of the aircraft.

Keywords: strength characteristics, temperature, humidity, limiting condition, corrosive effect, static strength, fatigue, long-term strength.

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-75-87

UDC: 533.6.072

Pages: 75-87

Yu.A. Azarov1, R.A. Chernovolov1

[1] Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky»,


The aim of the work is to analyze typical structural layouts of aircraft dynamically similar models and to develop requirements for weight, roughness and strength properties of the materials, the use of which in the models design will fulfill the similarity criteria of Cauchy, Newton and Strouhal in aircraft aeroelasticity modeling in wind tunnels.

Keywords: aeroelasticity, dynamically similar model, excessive weight, composite materials, strength, toughness

Reference List

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DOI: 10.18577/2071-9140-2018-0-2-88-94

UDC: 620.17:623.445

Pages: 88-94

A.V. Lavrov1, N.O. Yakovlev1, V.S. Erasov1

[1] Federal state unitary enterprise «All-Russian scientific research institute of aviation materials»,


The article considers data from open Russian and foreign sources on the mechanisms of destruction of ceramic materials at the impact of a high-speed high-hard indenter. It is shown that under the influence of indenters, which are similar in their characteristics to armor-piercing bullets of hand-held firearms, plastic deformation and destruction of ceramics in the local volume directly under the ceramic-indenter contact surface occurs at the initial stage of the impact. The influence of various physical and mechanical properties of ceramic materials on their functioning as a part of protective compositions is analyzed. The influence of structural features of armored barriers on the nature of the functioning of the ceramic layer is considered. The necessity of further studies of the mechanisms of destruction of ceramic barriers under the action of a high-speed indenter is substantiated.

Keywords: ceramic materials, armor materials, the mechanism of destruction, mechanical properties, alumina, silicon carbide, ballistic tests

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